In 2020, the coronavirus is definitely the number one topic. A virus that wasn’t known too much at first began to take its toll in Chinese Wuhan, and then spread to the rest of the world. The ever-increasing number of infections and the increasing death rate have caused the virus to cause great fear. It is therefore worth getting knowledge about the coronavirus. We present who is most at risk, what are the common symptoms and how to reduce the risk of the virus.
What is the coronavirus
Coronavirus is quite a mysterious disease that affects primarily the upper and lower respiratory tract and causes symptoms similar to classic flu. However, they are more severe and can be life-threatening. The coronavirus itself leads to the outbreak of COVID-19. The virus is highly contagious, which is why the epidemic is growing so fast. Additionally, we still do not know what the direct cause of the disease in patient zero was. It is assumed that the virus could be found in the body of bats, which are an ingredient of some Asian dishes.
Symptoms of coronavirus infection
Most often, the first symptoms of coronavirus infection appear within a few days, but may in some cases appear even several weeks after infection. WHO assumes that the virus hatching period alone is between 1 and 14 days, but it can be as long as 28 days. The characteristic symptoms are high fever (exceeding 38 degrees), cough, trouble breathing and muscle pain. The symptoms may also include digestive system disorders. These can include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and general weakness. Some people also experience heart problems and a drop in blood pressure.
Symptoms largely depend on the condition of the body and age. In the elderly, the symptoms of coronavirus infection are much more severe. Many younger people are infected with the coronavirus completely asymptomatically. Such a person can therefore infect others without knowing that he or she is a carrier of the virus.
In some people, COVID-19 can lead to very severe pneumonia, which can lead to impairment or damage to this organ. This is because fluid may accumulate in the alveoli, limiting the proper functioning of the organ. As a result, this may lead to loss of contact, coma, and ultimately death of the sick person.
People most at risk of coronavirus infection
All people who have had contact with an infected person are at risk. However, there are certain groups of people who are more likely to get infections and whose disease may be much more severe.
These are mainly elderly people whose immune systems are not as strong as those of young people. Elderly people should therefore exercise particular caution, as they also have a much higher risk of death than young people.
People suffering from chronic or autoimmune diseases, as well as people with cancer, are also more likely to be infected.
Pregnant women and those who have recently given birth are also at risk.
The more vulnerable people also include those who smoke.
How to protect yourself from the coronavirus
In order to avoid getting sick, you should follow a few rules that will allow you to reduce the risk.
Above all, you should avoid traveling and taking part in mass events. Being in large groups of people definitely increases the risk of getting sick. Additionally, in this way it is possible to stop the epidemic.
It is also necessary to follow the rules of hygiene. Hands should be washed even several times within an hour. You should also wash your hands thoroughly for at least 30 seconds.
The risk of infection can also be reduced by significantly reducing contact with other people. If there is such a possibility, it is best to give up all contact with others. If this is not possible, the appropriate distance should be kept, which should be 1-1.5 meters.
By following these rules, you can relatively effectively reduce the risk of contracting COVID-19.